What are age spots?

What are age spots?

Most people covet beautiful, even, smooth skin. But in the West even this is not enough as many also want that sun-kissed glow. To this end, people frequently spend their summers baking in the sun or visiting tanning salons. However, excessive tanning can often cause age spots to form, making the skin appear less even and smooth. Age spots appear as dark spots on the skin and are caused by increased melanin production. They first start materializing in middle age but are increasingly showing up on younger skin as well. Sun exposure is seen as the single most important cause of age spots. The medical term for these spots is ‘lentigo’. Age spots tend to show up on areas that have seen the most sun. Sun exposure accumulates as you age, which is why older people are more likely to get age spots than younger people. There are several different types of age spots.

Pigment spots

Melanocytes are the cells responsible for producing the pigment, melanin – a substance that to some extent protects our skin from the sun’s UV rays. This is why we tan after spending time in the sun – it is actually a side effect of the skin trying to protect itself from UV rays. Excessive sun exposure causes the skin to produce too much melanin, leading to clumps of accumulated pigment in certain areas. Age spots and liver spots are both categorized as pigment spots.

Melasma (mask of pregnancy)

The body is flooded with hormones during pregnancy and this can sometimes lead to hyperpigmentation, which presents itself as a large blotch or mask on the face. It usually disappears once the pregnancy is over. It can be caused by sun exposure during pregnancy, but many women also develop a ‘mask of pregnancy’ without spending any time in the sun.


Vitiligo is a skin condition that can be said to be the exact opposite of age spots. It is characterized by a loss of pigment in the skin, causing white patches to develop on the skin. Genetic susceptibility is largely thought to be the reason some individuals develop this condition.


A birthmark is a skin discolouration that is already present at birth. Typical examples include cafe-au-lait spots and moles.

Other causes

Skin discolouration often occurs due to small wounds, allergic reactions, skin infections, medicines, the wrong skin care product, and applying perfume before going in the sun. (Some perfume ingredients react in a certain way to UV rays, causing skin discolouration.)

Squalan and age spots

Squalan’s natural skin care products have been on the market for several years now and the skin-enhancing benefits of this range are widely appreciated. Many users have been thrilled to discover Squalan works well on age spots. I can vouch for this as my parents’ age spots have almost completely disappeared after only using Squalan for a few months. We get lots of positive feedback from customers, who report that Squalan really helps age spots fade. External influences appear to be the main culprit when it comes to age spots as they trigger a reaction in the skin. It is likely that the combined effect of Squalan Pure and the Squalan Cleanser reduce age spots because they heal the skin via external application.

Ralph Moorman’s story

Nutritionist, Ralph Moorman, is dealing with age spots on his forehead. He has been using the Pure oil twice a day for four months now. This is his story: ‘I got badly sunburnt on a boat trip years ago because I hadn’t used any sunscreen. It was so severe that my forehead started peeling a few weeks later. I was shocked to see that age spots had developed in that area, even though previously there had been none there. I started looking for solutions to this problem and found there were hardly any that were really effective, besides laser treatments at a beauty centre. So I tried that and it worked… until I went out in the sun and the age spots returned with a vengeance within a day. Of course, I was grateful that I could get symptomatic treatment for my problem but I am a naturally inquisitive person and I could not help feeling there had to be a more permanent solution out there.

So I did some research and discovered squalane, a strong antioxidant that had attracted a lot of positive attention because of its anti-ageing properties and effectiveness in reducing age spots. I saw quite a few products containing this ingredient but the Squalan range appealed to me the most as they use very high concentrations of squalane and even have a Pure product. I also liked the fact that they only use pure and natural ingredients. I started using the product and have to say I noticed a difference after just two months: the age spots had faded quite a bit and were even broken up in some areas. Moreover, the product had an added bonus which I had not anticipated when I purchased it: the wrinkles on my forehead became less visible. So I am feeling quite optimistic about this product. I will continue using it to see if it can make the most resistant areas disappear as well. Then I will put Squalan to the ultimate test and go out in the sun! To be continued…’

Ir. Ralph Moorman (Hormoonfactor)

Prevention is better than cure

Some people are more predisposed to developing age spots than others. Nevertheless, it is undeniable that the sun is the number one factor responsible for premature ageing. This is why we recommend everyone keep the following in mind:

  • Avoid the sun as much as possible; remember shade is the best sunscreen there is!
  • Wear a hat or cap to protect your face when it is sunny
  • Avoid tanning salons, or limit visits as much as possible
  • Avoid sun exposure if you are pregnant, particularly on the face
  • Avoid sun exposure if you already have a ‘mask of pregnancy’ and continue to avoid it for at least three months after you have given birth
  • Do not apply perfume to your skin; spray it on your hair or clothes instead
  • Oh yes ……… and use Squalan to make age spots disappear